Investigation of the risk factors for pulmonary tuberculosis: A caseľcontrol study among Saharia tribe in Gwalior district, Madhya Pradesh, India.


Bhat, J.; Rao, V.G.; Sharma, R.K.; Muniyandi, M.; Yadav, R.; Bhondley, M.K.


Indian Journal of Medical Research; 2017; 146: 97-104.


Background & objectives : Prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) is known to be high in the indigenous tribal community Saharia in Madhya Pradesh, India. The risk factors for PTB are not well known among them. This study was done to determine various risk factors associated with PTB in the indigenous community Saharia .


Methods : A prevalence survey was conducted among Saharias of Gwalior district of Madhya Pradesh. The population surveyed was 12,123 which was the source of cases and controls for the present study. All the bacillary-positive cases and controls in the ratio of 1:5 were included in the survey. Data were collected by the trained health workers from the patients and controls using a semi-structured pre-coded and pre-tested questionnaire which included data on risk factors including demographic factors, host-related factors and household factors. The individuals were also screened for diabetes mellitus and HIV.


Results : Malnutrition and history of asthma were associated with an increased risk of PTB. More than 56 per cent cases were attributed to malnutrition and 12 per cent attributed to asthma. Low family income, alcohol consumption and smoking were the other contributors. The risk was higher in males as compared to females.


Interpretation & conclusions : The study emphasized that the main contributors were social factors. Nutrition supplementation, especially in tuberculosis (TB) patients and integrated approach to improve their living conditions are needed to control TB in this community.


Keywords: Malnutrition; pulmonary tuberculosis; risk factors; Saharia



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