N-acetyltransferase gene polymorphisms & plasma isoniazid concentrations in patients with tuberculosis.


Hemanth Kumar, A.K.; Ramesh, K.; Kannan, T.; Sudha, V.; Haribabu, H.; Lavanya, J.; Swaminathan, S.; Ramachandran, G.


Indian Journal of Medical Research; 2017; 145; 118-123.   


Background & objectives : Variations in the N-acetyltransferase ( NAT2 ) gene among different populations could affect the metabolism and disposition of isoniazid (INH). This study was performed to genotype NAT2 gene polymorphisms in tuberculosis (TB) patients from Chennai, India, and compare plasma INH concentrations among the different genotypes.


Methods : Adult patients with TB treated in the Revised National TB Control Programme (RNTCP) in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, were genotyped for NAT2 gene polymorphism, and two-hour post-dosing INH concentrations were compared between the different genotypes. Plasma INH was determined by high performance liquid chromatography. Genotyping of the NAT2 gene polymorphism was performed by real-time polymerase chain reaction method.


Results : Among the 326 patients genotyped, there were 189 (58%), 114 (35%) and 23 (7%) slow, intermediate and fast acetylators, respectively. The median two-hour INH concentrations in slow, intermediate and fast acetylators were 10.2, 8.1 and 4.1 g/ml, respectively. The differences in INH concentrations among the three genotypes were significant ( P <0.001).


Interpretation & conclusions : Genotyping of TB patients from south India for NAT2 gene polymorphism revealed that 58 per cent of the study population comprised slow acetylators. Two-hour INH concentrations differed significantly among the three genotypes.


Keywords : Isoniazid; N-acetyltransferase gene; NAT2 polymorphism; tuberculosis



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