Assessing humoral immune response of 4 recombinant antigens for serodiagnosis of tuberculosis.

Pukazhvanthen, P.; Anbarasu, D.; Basirudeen, S.A.K.;   Raja, A.; Singh, M.

Tuberculosis; 94; 622-633.


Summary: Serodiagnostic potential of four recombinant proteins (38 kDa[Rv0934], MPT64[Rv1980c], Adk[Rv0733], and BfrB[Rv3874]) was evaluated in Healthy control subjects (HCS), Healthy household contacts (HHC), Pulmonary tuberculosis patients (PTB), and Human immuno deficiency virus & Tuberculosis co-infected patients (HIV-TB). All the antigens tested individually for the detection of serum IgG by indirect ELISA. All the four antigens have a significantly higher antibody response in PTB compared to healthy controls ( P < 0.05). The sensitivity of individual antigens ranged from 20% to 52.5% for the prefixed specificity of 95%. When results of all 4 antigens were combined the sensitivity was increased to 75% and specificity was reduced 89% in HCS. In smear- and culture-positive ( S+C+ ) PTB, four antigen combination gives maximum sensitivity (89.6%) with 89% specificity. In smear negative culture negative (S-C+) PTB, three antigen combination (38 kDa with MPT64 and BfrB) gives maximum sensitivity (69.5%) and specificity (91.6%). In HIV-TB, 4 antigen combinations give the maximum sensitivity of 51.2% with 89% specificity. Combining serology (Four antigen combination) with smear was able to increase the sensitivity from 70% to 92.5% in culture positive PTB. So, we propose that this serology test can be used as adjunct test along with smear for rapid diagnosis of PTB.


Keywords: Tuberculosis; HIV-TB; Serodiagnosis; Adk; BfrB; MPT64


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