Altered CD8 + T cell frequency and function in tuberculous lymphadenitis.
Kumar, N.P.; Sridhar, R.; Hanna, L.E.; Banurekha, V.V.; Jawahar, M.S.; Nutman, T.B.; Babu, S .
Tuberculosis; 2014; 94; 482-493.
Summary : CD8+ T cells secreting Type1 and Type 17 cytokines and cytotoxic molecules play a major role in immunity and protection against pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB), although their role in tuberculous lymphadenitis (TBL) is not well known. To identify the distribution and function of CD8 + T cells expressing Type1, Type 2 and Type 17 cytokines and cytotoxic molecules in TBL, we examined baseline and mycobacterial antigen specific immune responses in the whole blood of individuals with PTB and compared them with TBL. TBL is characterized by elevated frequencies of baseline and mycobacterial-antigen stimulated CD8+ T cells expressing Type 1 (IL-2 and TNF a ) and Type 17 (IL-17A and IL-17F) cytokines in comparison to PTB individuals. In contrast, TBL individuals exhibited diminished frequency of CD8 + T cells expressing perforin, granzyme B and CD107a. The blockade of IL-1R and IL-6R during antigenic stimulation resulted in significantly diminished frequencies of CD8 + T cells expressing Type 1 and Type 17 cytokines in TBL. Therefore, our data suggest that TBL is characterized by an IL-1 and IL-6 dependent expansion of CD8+ T cells expressing Type 1 and Type 17 cytokines as well as altered frequencies of cytotoxic molecules, reflecting an important association of these cells with the pathogenesis of TBL.
Keywords: Tuberculosis; Lymphadenitis; CD8 T cells; Cytokines; Cytotoxic molecules
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