Abstract


Immune complexes isolated from patients with pulmonary tuberculosis modulate the activation and function of normal granulocytes.

 

Senbagavalli, P .; Hilda, J.N.; Ramanathan, V.D.; Kumaraswami, V .; Nutman, T.B..; Babu, S.

 

Clinical and Vaccine Immunology; 2012; 19; 1965-1971 .

 

Circulating immune complexes (ICs) are associated with the pathogenesis of several diseases. Very little is known about the effect of ICs on the host immune response in patients with tuberculosis (TB). The effects of ICs isolated from patients with TB in modulating the release of calcium, cytokines, and granular proteins were studied in normal granulocytes, as were their chemotactic, phagocytic, and oxidative burst processes. ICs from TB patients induced decreased production of cytokines and plateletactivating factor (PAF) from normal granulocytes. ICs from TB patients also induced enhanced chemotaxis and phagocytosis but caused diminished oxidative burst. This was accompanied by an increased release in intracellular calcium. On the other hand, ICs from TB patients induced increased release of the granular proteins human neutrophil peptides 1 to 3 (HNP13). Thus, ICs from patients with TB exhibit a profound effect on granulocyte function with activation of certain effector mechanisms and dampening of others.

 

 

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