Identification and characterization of the regulatory elements of the inducible acetamidase operon from Mycobacterium smegmatis.

Selvakumar, S.; Narayanan, S.

Canadian Journal of Microbiology; 2007; 53; 599-606.

Abstract: The highly inducible acetamidase promoter from Mycobacterium smegmatis has been used as a tool in the study of mycobacterial genetics. The 4.2 kb acetamidase operon contains four putative open reading frames (ORFs) ( amiC , amiA , amiD , and amiS ) upstream of the 1.2 kb acetamidase ORF ( amiE ). In this article, using electrophoretic mobility shift assay and promoter probe analyses with a lacZ reporter system, we show the position of three putative operators within the acetamidase operon in M. smegmatis . Results from these studies reinforce previous findings about the involvement of multiple promoters in the regulation of acetamidase gene expression. Each of the identified operators are positioned upstream of the respective promoter reported in previous studies. We also found that the crude cell lysate of M. smegmatis containing potential regulators, obtained from bacteria grown under inducing or noninducing conditions, binds to specific operators. The binding affinity of each operator with its cognate regulator is significantly different from the other. This supports not only the previous model of acetamidase gene regulation in M. smegmatis but also explains the role of these operators in controlling the expression of respective promoters under different growth conditions.

Keywords: gene regulation, acetamidase operon, Mycobacterium smegmatis promoter, electrophoretic mobility shift assay.


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