Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv induces monocytic release of interleukin-6 via activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases: inhibition by N- acetyl- L -cysteine.

Natarajan, P.; Narayanan, S.

FEMS Immunology and Medical Microbiology; 2007; 50; 309-318.

Abstract: The release of proinflammatory cytokines after mycobacterial infection is a host immune response that may be propitious or deleterious to the host. Elevated levels of interleukin (IL)-6 are present in plasma of patients with active tuberculosis infection. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of mitogen-activated protein kinases in the secretion of interleukin-6 in THP-1 cells and human primary monocytes that were infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv, and its regulation by N -acetyl- L -cysteine, a potential antimycobacterial agent. Exposure of THP-1 human monocytes to M. tuberculosis H37Rv induced rapidly, in a time-dependent manner, the phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 3/6 and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase, accompanied by an upregulation of interleukin-6. Using highly specific inhibitors of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase-1, p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase and nuclear factor- k B, we found that extracellular-signal regulated kinase 1/2, p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase and nuclear factor- k B were essential for M. tuberculosis H37Rv-induced interleukin-6 production in human primary monocytes. Pretreatment with N -acetyl- L -cysteine reduced, in a dose-dependent manner, M. tuberculosis H37Rv-induced activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 3/6 and interleukin-6 production in THP-1 cells.

Keywords: mitogen-activated protein kinases; N -acetyl- L -cystein (NAC); Mycobacterium tuberculosis


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