Prevalence study of tuberculous infection over fifteen years, in a rural population in Chingleput District (South India).

Mayurnath, S.; Vallishayee, R.S.; Radhamani, M.P.; Prabhakar, R.

Indian Journal of Medical Research (A); 1991; 93; 74-80.

As in the earlier BCG trial against tuberculosis conducted in Chinglelput District in South India (in 1969), the entire study population was tuberculin tested (Survey I), a study was undertaken subsequently to see whether in this population there was any change in the tuberculosis situation in terms of prevalence of infection in children. For this purpose, in two of the panchayat unions, in a random sample of panchayats, tuberculin testing was repeated twice at an interval of 10 yr (Survey II) and 15 yr (Survey III) after the initial testing in children aged 1-9 yr. High coverages were obtained for tuberculin tetsting and reading. Data from 8,703 and 9,709 children at Surveys I and II respectively was used for comparing the prevalence of infection over a period of 10 yr and from 4,808, 4,965 and 4,889 children at Surveys I, II and III respectively for comparing the prevalence of infection over a period of 15 yr. The results showed that although the prevalence of infection varied in the two panchayat unions, within each panchayat union it did not differ significantly at the three surveys. The overall prevalence of infection at the three surveys was 9.0, 10.2 and 9.1 per cent respectively. The average annuall risk of tuberculous infection was estimated to be 1.7, 1.9 and 1.7 per cent at the three surveys respectively. Thus, the results clearly showed that, over a period of 15 yr, there was no change in the tuberculosis situation, in terms of prevalence of infection, in the study population.


Back to List of publications / Home